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List of Terms

Calicivirus is a virus that affects the upper-respiratory system. It is highly contagious and widespread. Symptoms include fever, pneumonia, and ulcers or mouth sores on a cat's tongue.

Chlamydiosis is a bacterial infection that causes respiratory disease and is extremely contagious. Symptoms include infection of the eyes and nose, excessive tearing, sneezing, coughing, and excessive salivation.

Coronavirus is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the gastrointestinal system. It affects puppies most severely, but can affect dogs at any age. Coronavirus is spread through contact with feces, blood, or vomit of an infected dog. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, excessive thirst, fever, weight loss, and loss of appetite.

Distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal virus. It affects a dog's respiratory, gastrointestinal and nervous systems. Distemper is spread through air or contact with an infected animal, its feces, or its urine. Distemper can cause fever, lethargy, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and possibly death.

FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis) is a viral disease that affects mainly young adult cats. It is transmitted from the feces or urine of infected cats. There are 2 forms of FIP - wet and dry. The wet form causes large amounts of fluid to build up in the body cavities, especially in the abdomen. The dry form can affect different organs, including the intestines, kidneys, liver, lungs, nervous system, or eyes. Symptoms of FIP include a rough hair coat, fever, loss of appetite, or change in personality. Once signs appear, the disease is almost always fatal.

Fleas are tiny insects that appear in the spring and survive until early winter outside and year-round indoors. They live about 30 days and spend their entire lifecycle on a pet. Female fleas lay up to 2,000 eggs during their life; eggs constantly drop off pets whereever the pets travel. Eggs are what cause a flea buildup within a person's home. Fleas cause a vicious cycle of biting, itching and scratching, and result in flea allergy dermatitis in some pets. If your animal has fleas, your house is probably infested. Talk to us about preventing flea infestation, treating pets who have fleas, and ridding your house of fleas.

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) is a severe upper respiratory infection. It is highly contagious and is very dangerous to young kittens. Symptoms include flu-like or "cold" symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose and eyes, fever, and coughing.

Heartworms are parasitic worms that live in the heart and lungs of pets and can cause permanent damage, and even death. The worms can reach a length of 14 inches and put stress on the heart, which restricts blood flow to various organs and can lead to organ failure. Heartworm is carried by mosquitoes and affects pets in all 50 states. Even dogs who do not spend a lot of time outside are at risk because mosquitoes can come into the house and infect your pet. Prevention of heartworm is easy, but treatment of heartworm disease is risky, expensive, and not always effective. Just ask us and we will recommend the best heartworm preventative for your pet.

Hepatitis (also known as adenovirus) is a contagious disease caused by a virus. It is spread by contact with infected animals, their feces, urine, or saliva. Hepatitis causes symptoms such as high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, hemorrhaging, and abdominal pain or tenderness. It can affect the liver, kidneys, and cells lining the blood vessels.

Leptospirosis is a highly contagious bacterial infection that is often carried by wild animals. The disease can be transmitted through contact with nasal secretions, urine, or saliva of infected dogs, or by drinking contaminated water. Symptoms of leptospirosis include fever, inflamed kidneys, jaundice, hemorrhaging, vomiting, diarrhea, and bloodstained feces.

Feline Leukemia is caused by a virus that breaks down a cat's immune system. The disease results in various types of cancers and other chronic diseases, which the cat can no longer fight off due to its compromised immune system. Feline Leukemia is transmitted by cat-to-cat contact. The virus is present in saliva, urine, and other bodily fluids but cannot survive for any length of time outside of the cat's body. Cats may be infected for awhile before any symptoms appear. Symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, depression, anemia, and swollen glands in the neck or abdomen.

Lyme Disease is carried by deer ticks and can affect both humans and animals. When an infected tick bites, bacteria are transferred to the blood of the animal or person who is bitten. Dogs and other pets that live or run in wooded areas or fields frequented by deer and field mice often bring infected ticks back to their owners or to suburban areas in general. You cannot catch Lyme disease from your pet, but if your pet's blood is infected with Lyme's disease, uninfected ticks could become infected by your dog. In turn, the newly infected tick could affect you or other pets in the area. Symptoms include arthritis, sudden onset of pain and lameness, fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, and depression. To prevent Lyme disease, check your pets for ticks after they have been outdoors. Brush your dog often and remove any observed ticks carefully with tweezers. Ask us about preventative measures for Lyme disease.

Panleukepenia (or feline distemper) is a highly contagious viral disease that is spread through air, contact with an infected animal, or contact with places where infected animals have been. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, weight loss, dehydration, depression, and even death.

Parainfluenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is spread though air or contact with an infected pup. Dogs in close quarters can spread the infection quickly among each other. Parainfluenza is one of the viruses that can cause "kennel cough." Symptoms include a harsh, dry, hacking cough, loss of appetite, and runny nose and eyes. If left untreated, it can cause serious damage to the respiratory system and even death.

Parasites that affect your pet may include various types of worms, including hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms, and whipworms. These parasites live in the intestinal tract and can cause various gastrointestinal symptoms. Parasites can cause serious infections in your pet. We can provide ongoing protection against parasitic worms - just call us for an appointment.

Parvovirus is a highly contagious viral infection that is spread by contact with feces, blood, or vomit of an infected dog. Parvo also can be carried on a dog's hair and feet, as well as other objects that a contaminated dog comes in contact with. It causes diarrhea, vomiting, and loss of appetite, and often leads to death. Parvo is most common in puppies, although it can affect dogs at any age.

Rabies is a fatal virus that infects the central nervous system. By attacking the brain, it can cause paralysis and death. Rabies is transmitted to dogs and humans by exposure to saliva, bites, or scratches from infected animals, including raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes. Animals with rabies may survive up to 20 days in the infectious state; however, infection with rabies is always fatal. Because of the large number of cases of rabies in the states of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, it is recommended that our pets be vaccinated on a yearly basis. This will provide them with 99% protection from a rabid animal.

Ticks are tiny insects that attach to a pet and engorge with blood. They can lay eggs in crevices within rooms of your house. Ticks are mostly a problem of spring and fall, but they can be present through winter if the winter is mild. Ticks carry various diseases, such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, that affect both pets and humans and can cause serious health problems. Talk to us about ways to protect your family from ticks.